Erectile dysfunction-a serious case for psychiatric help

Erectile dysfunction-a serious case for psychiatric help

Most cases of emotional disorders, mood disorders have been found to occur primarily from the sexual dysfunctions. Most people because of the fear of rejection have even suffered severe depression and in some cases attempted suicide or even the death of the person have been reported. It is enough to say the human sexual element is not an option; this is the reason why even celibacy has been treated to a lot of debate on its viability.

The importance of the sex aspect can be enumerated to the scholar who put it that certain animals cannot be seen in flight unless three things are at play; search for food , running for security or in search for a sex partner. Humans are no exception. The problem of erectile dysfunction affects men. The ability to get an erection during intercourse for a man is not usually an option.

The above is the reason why the problem is a major cause for alarm. It is a quite embarrassing condition where the man can’t get an erection for intercourse. This condition which is so much dependent on the man’s physical health has several causes. Erectile dysfunction is in most cases caused by the following:

      Heart related conditions which include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and clogged blood vessels heart disease. Men with this condition are more susceptible to cases of heart attack.

      Brain-the sex act is in most cases controlled from the brain. If the nervous system has issues, then it is likely that the problem may occur. Hormones may also be in adequate to give the sex urge.

      Surgeries and injury on the sex organ or its internal parts can make one lose the sex urge. These include the prostrate operation, other orthopedic surgeries.

      Drug use and abused-a number of drugs affect the erection, these drugs are so may and come in the form of antidepressants, antihistamines and several others. The use of certain erection stimulating medicines is also found to affect.

It is therefore seen that men have serious issue at hand to deal with. This is the most serious of all of the sexual disorders seen in most men like premature ejaculation and other forms of sexual fantasies.



Eating-is it a cause of psychiatric visits

Eating-is it a cause of psychiatric visits

While it is generally agreed that one should eat. Some cases of eating can be an exercise of public debate. For instance the case who could gulp down 30 eggs and 2 packets of backed wheat, 6 kilograms of maize flour kneaded bread and an assortment of other things all for lunch. While this may be seen by this individual as normal, the tendency begs the question, is there something behind the problem.

While many cases have been reported of other well known eating disorders like the binge eating disorder, bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa compulsive eating and orthorexia nervosa. Eating in general has been a cause of so many cases of mental disturbances. In some extreme cases, the eater cannot stop when the habit forms and has to visit a doctor

For instance, looking at the above eating types, it strikes you to note that the binge eating is mostly a habit problem making the body to adjust to the consumption of that particular food; it is cause by the brain cell releasing a hormone which will propel the individual to eat in a certain way.

While bulimia nervosa is quite an annoying habit involving binge eating and then making one to remove some through vomiting .This can progress to more serious habits

Anorexia nervosa is an obsession with the fear to gain weight .This is usually the worst form of dieting where the body is denied food. This condition is as serious as it appears because it can cause menstruation in women to dry off and is not healthy for the normal functioning of the heart.

The compulsive overeating exhibited by the fist example is eating large amounts without second thoughts. And the many other eating disorders we have looked at.

All these point out clearly sat one point that the obsession with food can cause a lot of stress to the body. The compulsive eater is exposed to the risk of either becoming too fat or the binge eater has the risk of getting food addiction. The anorexia can cause serious health implications some bordering on the sex life of an individual. It is thus clear that with the addictive angle it takes, eating has sent many to the psychiatrist.


Dementia-a case of Alzheimer’s disease

Dementia-a case of Alzheimer’s disease

There are disease causing factors and one of them is the Alzheimer’s disease. Named after the German neurologist Alloys Alzheimer, it is found to cause certain aspects of forgetful memory which is the major sign of dementia. The intertwining of the two is usually mistaken and the dementia caused by the disease gets into its serious stage of permanent memory loss.

While there are some other causes of dementia like thyroid problems and vitamin deficiencies, the major cause of the degeneration of the memory faculty in the world is the Alzheimer’s disease. The Alzheimer’s is a fatal disease. The brain region called the hippocampus is the center of learning and memory in the brain, and the brain cells in this region are often the first to be damaged. That’s why memory loss is often one of the earliest symptoms of Alzheimer’s dementia.

It is found that while the disease progressively destroys the brain cells. The most visible of signs reported ids the loss of memory to track some important aspects of the human routine like forgetting to pay bills or misplacing a wallet.

The diagnosis of Alzheimer’s dementia and other types of dementia based on a careful medical history, a physical examination, laboratory tests, and the characteristic changes in thinking, day-to-day function and behavior associated with each type. However, dementia caused by some other types can be treated and progress to cure if detected early. The progression of the Alzheimer’s disease in the bran is not well understood and no cure has not been found to cure it

It is however noted that the early detection of Alzheimer’s can prolong its progress but most of the time it is known to be fatal after causing complete damage to the brain cells. This is the reason why the Alzheimer’s dementia is usually considered the worst form and feared in equal measure. The only hope is that the disease progresses much faster in the twilight years of an individual.

More still needs to be done in the area of dementia caused by the Alzheimer’s disease to help mitigate the degrading and pain it causes.


Cognition therapy

Cognition therapy

The area of cognition in psychiatry is important because it is the major measure used in the knowledge reception, memory abilities. According to the general definition, Cognition is by humans conscious and unconscious, concrete or abstract, as well as intuitive.

Cognition abilities in individuals are usually separated in several aspects within the contexts of the education field. The cognitive ability of an individual is in most cases brain based set of skills needed to be able to carry out tasks.

The brain has several abilities based perception which is the ability to interpret the sensory stimuli in terms smell, touch and hearing, attention aspect of the brain to sustain concentration on particular object and actions, memory function of the helps in the retention of information in real time and the ability to sustain long tern challenges.

The brain has further abilities in motion and language skills which is the ability to use language and translate it .the spatial ability is the ability to process incoming visual stimuli and to visualize the incoming images and scenarios.

The cognitive functions have been found to help individuals in the execution of other functions. These functions help in creating the harmony between individuals .they include;

v  Antic­i­pa­tion-expectation ability and pre­dic­tion based on pat­tern recog­ni­tion.

v  Problem-solving-defin­ing the prob­lem in the right way to then gen­er­ate solu­tions and pick the right one.

v  Deci­sion mak­ing- the abil­ity to make deci­sions based on problem-solving, on incom­plete infor­ma­tion and on emo­tions.

v  Emo­tional self-regulation- the abil­ity to iden­tify and man­age one’s own emo­tions for good per­for­mance.

v  Flex­i­bil­ity which is the capac­ity for quickly switch­ing to the appro­pri­ate men­tal mode.

v  The­ory of mind –it gives an insight into other people’s inner world, their plans, their likes and dis­likes and integral parts of the human relations.

v  Sequenc­ing which is the abil­ity to break down com­plex actions into man­age­able units and pri­or­i­tize them in the right order.

v  Inhi­bi­tion this is the abil­ity to with­stand dis­trac­tion, and inter­nal urges which in essence could cause problems.

The cognitive ability of an individual therefore are important in psychiatry because it helps in giving the individual the ability to control aspects of the environment for his benefit

Why pathology?

Why pathology?

As is the practice in the healthcare sector, the disease handling is in most cases appro0ached through what is called a three pronged approach mechanism. These usually take the form of prevention, diagnosis and cure. But you will find that the occurrence of disease is a testament that the disease prevention mechanisms have failed and it is therefore only prudent if the physician took the steps to diagnose the disease. The pathologist is instrumental at this all important step.

Pathology as a practice is found to be very important in the following areas in the economy:

v  In the drug making processing –it has been found that the pathologists are finding roles in all phases of drug development. These processes include preclinical research, translational medicine, and clinical drug development. The most common roles for the practitioners are basically in the areas of drug processing.

v  In hospitals –the pathologists because of their wide knowledge in the drug compositions are important in the diagnostics process. It is known that pathologists can contribute to the entire life cycle of a diagnostic product stating with the discovery and its eventual use.

v  The area of drug developments-because of their wide knowledge in the human anatomy, pathologists play key role in the areas of drug development because they understand how the tissues react to the said chemicals.

v  Technical advice-the pathologists are important in giving technical skills in the area of composition of the several treatment mechanisms. This has been useful to both the pharmacists and the end users because the skills help in giving the patient the confidence to recover.

v  For regulation-The pathologist opinion is useful in seeking the regulatory approval for the use of the said drug products in the market. This is because the regulator has faith in what the pathologist say and it cannot harm the body.

However, all these not withstanding, the pathologist as an individual within the social circle is enormously important. Though there seem to be more openings, they ate dependant on the need at the time whether it is in the areas of scientific research or mere participation in opinion groups. The pathologist must inculcate a sense of professionalism in the sector.



Epidemiology, the new frontier for pathologists

Epidemiology, the new frontier for pathologists

The increase incidences of epidemics have created anew frontier where the pathologists concern themselves with the study of the disease causes and the manner in which the said diseases can be well contained. The area of epidemiology has gained a lot of notoriety because of the complex nature the disease are mutating into.

The area has adopted the use of molecular biology to be able to effectively deal with these epidemics at the cell level. The cell has been used to study the structure and the ability of the cell to split into the several structures of the same kind has even aroused a lot of interest in the minds of pathologists.

In this vain, they have come up with the practice of molecular pathological epidemiologist, a trained practitioner concerned with the the study of the epidemic at the cellular level. This group has been able to use the tissue analysis and the use of the hitherto available data in the process of trying to unravel the mystery of the epidemics globally.

The cancer and the HIV scourges have given the epidemiologists the scare of a lifetime. This is due to the complexity in the manner in which the two diseases have been able to be of challenge to the medical fraternity. The cancer cells for instance have been going through a lot of mutations and as such pose great challenge to mankind.

The manner in which the epidemiologists go about dissecting through the relationships between the exposure and the effects has proven to be the strengths in the practice by itself. This has been partly successful because of the publicity that has been going on in the scientific conferences and seminars held to discuss the several epidemics.

The most recent epidemic is the Ebola virus which has really posed a great challenge due to its faster spreading nature. This has posed great challenge because the manners of the viral infections which have all proven top have no cure. It is very possible that the world has not seen the last of the worst epidemics.  But some of these can be controlled through lifestyle adjustments.


The mitigation measures to the pathology risks

The mitigation measures to the pathology risks

With the diverse risk factors in pathology, it is only prudent if one was to be able to use some of the best measures to cushion from the dangers of risking the lives of the pathologists. It has been suggested in several quarters that [pathologists be engaged in finding solutions to the issues arising from the dissecting table. These measures include the following:

Pathologists are usually encouraged to take precautions on the use of materials in the autopsy and the general specimen rooms. This has been designed to avoid the case of blood spillage .the precautionary measures on the material use include the manner of handling the blood as specimen or just in case of accidents.

Using protective gear in the autopsy room has been found to decrease cases of the pathologists getting adverse exposure to the risks. These clothing’s include the pairs of rubber gloves for instance the new crop of double gloves for handling tissues or blood, as well as wearing eye protection, cap, gown Also referred to as space suit, face mask, plastic apron, sleeve covers, and shoe covers .these are useful in the protection against skin contacts with some of the high risk specimens the pathologist handle.

They also need the face mask for the protection against internal infections arising from the body openings. This is worn to protect the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, and mouth from exposure to splash. The high-risk infections transmitted by aerosols include the HIV viruses, the tuberculosis, and rabies among others which are too infectious.

The autopsy room should be kept sterilized and all people coming in must be made to use the materials specific only to the room. It is further a practice that the pathologists avoid the accidents in the autopsy room through the maintenance of good disposal practices and movement procedures. This reduces cases of falls and contacts with the materials outside the autopsy room.

These mitigation factors if well followed can help in reducing the several risks to a minimal figure where the pathologist practices without the worry of falling sick. It is in moist cases the personal initiative of an individual which is known to keep him safe.


Some of the upsides of pathologists

Some of the upsides of pathologists

The pathologist practice is lauded by most medical practitioners because of its high value reports it generates. The practice has really earned itself lots of praise on its efficiency and the reliability of the diagnostics. some of the upsides of the pathologist practice includes:

v  Life changing experiences –the pathologists has been found to have an opening to give the practitioner the chance of being a social philanthropist. The experience to see people’s lives change is a gratifying experience. The use of the pathologist reports is widespread in the medical practice and has helped several patients globally.  

v  Efficient-the practice of pathology has been found to be the most efficient methods of tissue analysis. The clinicians are able to see clearly and be able to find the mode of treatment for the several diseases. The pathology reports are basically very precise because of the several methods the pathologist use. For instance, the use of biopsies is one area where the pathologist has scored highly.

v  Varied methods give better strategies-the use of the several biopsies has made the use of the several available immunohistochemical techniques. This is also linked to the extensive training received by the pathologists .the training is also a plus for the practice due to the expertise the pathologist are able to receive.

v  An avenue for self development and actualization-pathologists are known to encounter new developments in their daily tasks. This has always been a positive step in their skill improvement. The pathologist is able to eventually achieve the best levels in their skill development.

v  The manner of results is equivocal-the pathologist give the most clear and less controversial results, this has in most cases helped the clinicians the confidence in giving prescriptions to the patients.

The varied upsides are some of the positive encouragements making the several students joining the pathologist practice. It is also because of the same reasons that the clinicians have the confidence of using the several pathologists’ avenues in their efforts at getting the solution to the problems to the diseases. Going forward, the pathologists are seen to have better a better.

What are the disadvantages of some prominent pathologist practices?

What are the disadvantages of some prominent pathologist practices?

Pathologist practice as can be shown has certain risk factors which have been found to make the practice more prevalently exposed to some of the downsides noted in the market. These are found to run across the different forms of pathologist disciplines. These disadvantages include:

v  Lack of understanding on the implementers-because pathologist are usually used in most cases to just provide complete analyses of the disease and then forward to the clinicians. It may be a drawback to realize that the treatment schedule of the specialist is not followed either by the medical physician or the patient. In the case of the later, the course of recovery will therefore be curtailed and slowed down.

v  Costly- the work of a pathologist involves a lot of expenses changing wardrobes and removing the blood stained ones or just the soled to avoid disease infections, it is this that makes them high spenders. One pathologist I spoke to at the local university hospital even intimated to me that they usually move to different places making their life to be so costly.

v  It is not very social-pathologists are regarded as very lonely fellows. Most people do not understand what they do. In my clan for instance, they told a story of this fellow who was a forensic pathologist who used to talk to human corpses. This made the man very unpopular and as a result led to his family being broken. In addition, the issue of moving makes one not to be able to keep permanent friends.

v  Time consuming-compared to some forms of diagnosis pathology takes more time and resources. It requires the use of powerful microscopes and the analysis may take time. This is unlike the use of ultrasound which gives one time results in no time


v  It is not error free-the practice of pathology is not an error free practice. This has always exposed the practitioners to a lot of litigations and complaints from the people using the reports and diagnosis.

In spite of the disadvantages, the pathologists are found to be very highly regarded in the medical practice. It is a profession worth taking up if you really have the positive mindset.



What are the effects of ionization in radiation?

What are the effects of ionization in radiation?

The fear surrounding the use of radiation can only be understood from the medical point. The several cases of disease which are claimed to have resulted from the radiation effects are one fact which has not failed the attention of medical and clinical practitioners. Those at the heat of all this debate however are the radiographers who in most cases expose themselves to real risks. These risks include the below:

Can cause the destruction of body cells, this happens if the dose is low or delivered over a long period of time. However, there is greater likelihood for damaged cells to successfully repair themselves. The risk is greater in younger people than in adults. The repaired cells are found to be more susceptible to further damage following long exposures leading to cancer.

Cause of the cancer epidemics-studies on populations exposed to radiation like the atomic bomb survivors or radiotherapy patients in Japan showed a significant increase of cancer risk at doses. It is further indicated that cancer risk after fetal exposure to radiation is similar to the risk after exposure in early childhood.

Prenatal exposure to ionizing radiation may induce brain damage in fetuses following an acute dose exceeding the recommended. This risk is real after week 8; human studies have not shown radiation risk to fetal brain development before this stage. 

Radiation causes damage to tissue and organs-this damage depends on the dose of radiation received, or the absorbed dose which is expressed in a unit called the gray. The potential damage from an absorbed dose depends on the type of radiation and the sensitivity of different tissues and organs.

Can cause body abnormalities and growth-Beyond certain thresholds, radiation can impair the functioning of tissues and/or organs and can produce acute effects such as skin redness, hair loss, radiation burns, or acute radiation syndrome. These effects are more severe at higher dose rates.

Ionizing radiation really a factor for radiographers to be wary of .the consideration of the risk and the benefits to the patient is usually at play. Radiation is sadly noted to cause problems it was perceived to help manage.